Periodontal Disease – Gum Disease Treatment in Surrey
Periodontal tissues are special tissues that surround and support the teeth. They include gums, alveolar bone, and ligaments of the teeth. These tissues play a major role in determining the life of the teeth in your mouth.
The main causes of periodontal disease are poor oral hygiene, tobacco intake, hormonal imbalance, bad bites, malnutrition, immune disorders, etc. A dental check-up every six months helps identify early signs of periodontal disease; Periodontal disease therapies aim at retaining the natural teeth in the mouth. Some of the periodontal disease therapies are:
Scaling and Root Planing: Regular teeth cleaning helps maintain healthy teeth and treat early stages of gum disease.
Gingival Aesthetic Surgery: Gum surgeries reshape the irregular gum line for hygiene and cosmetic reasons
Periodontal Pocket Reduction Surgery: Prevents the progression of gum diseases that result in tooth loss.
Frenectomy: A frenum is a small fold of tissue that connects the gums with lips, cheeks, and tongue. Frenectomy is done to treat high frenal attachments for orthodontic and prosthetic reasons.
Crown Lengthening: Aids in the prosthetic and aesthetic procedures, by increasing the height of the natural tooth crown.
Gum Grafting: Grafting soft tissue helps correct receding gums and restore the position of the gums.
Periodontal Tissue Regenerative Procedures: New periodontal tissues grow with guided tissue regeneration procedures.
Accumulation of plaque and tartar, bleeding gums, swollen or irregularly shaped gums, red and tender gums; receding gums or a gummy smile, loose teeth or sensitive teeth; increasing spaces in between the teeth or teeth drifting away from their normal positions and bad breath, indicate the presence of periodontal disease.
Gum abscess or tooth abscess, ill-fitting partial dentures, high frenal attachments, and short natural crowns make it difficult to maintain good oral hygiene. Making appropriate corrections help to adequately manage periodontal disease related to these conditions.
We offer laser-assisted periodontal therapies, that are quicker, safer, and painless.
Healthy Gums for a Healthy Smile
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Our considerate and caring team offers thorough yet gentle teeth cleaning in preparation for your periodontal disease control. We provide preventative services including dental exams, complete periodontal health evaluation, teeth cleaning and periodontal pocket reduction therapies. Our advanced periodontal therapies also include gingival aesthetic surgeries, frenectomies, crown lengthening, gingival grafting, and periodontal tissue regenerative procedures. Read more about our team
Dr. Madhvi Potluri and Dr. Ajay Potluri are among the leading dentists practicing in South Surrey, White Rock, New Westminster, Cloverdale, and Langley BC. They prevent and treat periodontal diseases in their routine dental practice using no-shots procedures, shorter appointments, and latest dental lasers. This enables more precise, efficient and safe treatment to control periodontal disease.
From using advanced technologies to upgrading their dental skills, the dentists’ team is committed to delivering a comfortable and pain-free experience for patients. Read more about our dentists
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The Basics of Gum Disease
Gum disease is an infection of the periodontal tissues that provide support for the teeth. These tissues include the gums, periodontal ligaments and the jawbone. Also called periodontal disease, this condition begins with bacteria-ridden plaque irritating the gum tissues. If this plaque is not removed with thorough brushing and flossing, it will turn into a hard substance called tartar. Once this happens, you can no longer sufficiently clean your teeth on your own because tartar must be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist with a special instrument. If tartar is allowed to build up around the gum line, it will break the healthy attachment between the gums and the teeth, allowing bacteria and plaque to collect under the gums and along with the tooth roots. These openings at the gum line are called periodontal pockets, and once they form, you run the risk of losing your teeth if you do not seek treatment from your dentist, dental hygienist or periodontist.
The mouth is crucial to the overall health of your body. From the air you breathe to the foods you eat, numerous toxins enter your body via your mouth. The oral bacteria that run rampant in gum disease can also enter the body and affect your overall health.. Oral bacteria can also enter the bloodstream through damaged gum tissues, and researchers have found traces of these bacteria in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients and in the arteries of heart disease patients. Because gum disease is a chronic condition, patients should do everything in their power to prevent it from developing and affecting their general health.
Stages of Gum Disease
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease, and it is the only stage that is reversible. It is characterized by red, swollen, bleeding gums, bad breath and a foul taste in the mouth. • Periodontitis is the second stage and occurs when periodontal pockets form and bacterial toxins begin to destroy the tissues and supporting bone around the teeth, causing irreversible damage. At this point, symptoms can be controlled but the gum disease is a chronic condition. • Advanced periodontitis is the final stage of gum disease, occurring when the bone and periodontal ligaments supporting the teeth deteriorate significantly and cause loosening of the teeth. Without aggressive treatment, tooth loss is likely to occur at this stage.
Gum Disease Risk Factors
Patients with the following conditions or lifestyle factors are at a high risk of developing periodontal disease:
- Tobacco and alcohol, use
- Inadequate oral hygiene
- Puberty, pregnancy or menopause
- Diabetes, heart disease, respiratory illness, certain cancers or osteoporosis
- Use of steroids, oral contraceptives, chemotherapy drugs or calcium-channel blockers
Non-Surgical Treatment of Gum Disease
The effects of gingivitis can be reversed with good brushing and flossing habits and professional teeth cleaning performed by your dental hygienist or dentist. In the more advanced stages of periodontal disease, your dental professional will likely perform a scaling and root planning procedure, which consists of removing plaque and tartar below the gumline. Also called a deep cleaning, this procedure involves removing the bacterial toxins on the surfaces of the tooth roots to help the gums reattach to the teeth and eliminate periodontal pockets. Your dentist may also prescribe antibiotic therapy and antimicrobial mouth rinses to aid in the healing process.
Surgical Treatments for Gum Disease
If scaling and root planning do not successfully halt the progression of gum disease, you’ll need to see a periodontist for one or more of the following treatments:
Flap Surgery: Also called pocket reduction surgery, flap surgery involves pulling the gums away from the teeth and removing tartar and bacteria near the damaged bone. The bone tissues may be smoothed to create an environment for healing, and the gums are repositioned over the teeth and sutured in such a way that a pocket no longer exists.
Bone and Soft Tissue Grafts: In cases where the jawbone and gum tissues have deteriorated, grafted tissues are placed at the site of the damage to stimulate regrowth.
Guided Bone Tissue Regeneration: Performed in conjunction with flap surgery, a tiny piece of mesh is placed between the damaged gum and root surface so that the gums will not grow into the void left by the bone deterioration. This allows both the gums and the bone tissues to regenerate normally for optimal support of the teeth.